The Different Types of Foot & Ankle Fractures

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Foot and ankle fractures are some of the most common problems seen by podiatrists. Professional athletes and ballet dancers may be more susceptible to fractures because of the constant stress and physical demands of the activities, but even those who engage in routine exercise are prone to breaking a foot or ankle bone occasionally.  

The type of fracture encountered will be determined by the degree and location of force applied during the accident.

The five most typical types of acute bone fractures

Acute fractures consist of an actual break to the bone — which can be either partial or complete — and include the following: 

  1. Compound break—If your bone is sticking out of your skin it is a compound fracture which is the most severe type to treat. Surgery is usually required, and infections are more likely to occur with this type of fracture.
  2. Stabilized break—This type is the most easily treated since the ends of the bones are only slightly askew.
  3. Comminuted break—Characterized by bone shattered into multiple pieces.
  4. Oblique break—A diagonal displacement
  5. Transverse break—A horizontal fracture

Stress fractures

Stress or hairline fractures develop over a period of time and are caused by the repeated stress of physical activity due to walking all day on hard surfaces and from injuries encountered while partaking in sporting activities. Individuals suffering from bone diseases such as osteoporosis are more susceptible to having stress fractures. The sudden increase in the intensity of a workout program that is often motivated by the best of intentions can also lead to a stress fracture. Always start or increase a workout program very gradually to avoid these types of injuries.

If you are dealing with a fracture to your foot or ankle, it is essential to seek the assistance of your foot doctor for the most comprehensive treatment. At E.J. Nemet Podiatry in Twinsburg,  E.J. Nemet, DPM, treats a variety of foot and ankle conditions including sports injuriespediatric foot problems, diabetic foot complications, nerve disorders and toenail and skin conditions. With advanced technologies and a dedicated staff, Dr. Nemet provides expert and compassionate care to patients in the Twinsburg and Beachwood areas. To contact us or to schedule an appointment, please call (234) 212-9940.