Treat Bunions Early to Avoid Pain

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A bunion is a foot deformity that appears as a bony enlargement on the side of the big toe. In early stages of development a bunion may not cause pain but as the big toe continues to push out of its normal position and into the other toes, the bump will become larger, more stiff and painful. The added pressure from the movement of the big toe can contribute to corns and calluses developing on or between the toes. These can become red, swollen and painful when they rub against your footwear.

Possible complications caused by bunions

  • Redness, swelling and pain—The redness and swelling will be most pronounced around the big toe joint.
  • Foot deformities—Hammertoes frequently occur in individuals who have bunions.
  • Skin problems—Corns can develop on the bunion and the top of a hammertoe, where it can become particular painful as the toe hits the top of your footwear.
  • Ingrown toenailsThe extra pressure on the side of the big toe can cause the nail to grow inward. Not only are ingrown toenails extremely painful, the can also possibly leading to a fungal toenail infection.

Individuals with flat feet are more susceptible to bunions because of the increased joint instability.

Treatment for bunions

The following treatments will help alleviate bunion pain and discomfort:

  • Braces used while sleeping can separate the toes and pull the big toe into alignment.
  • Insulating pads and custom orthotic inserts can be used in your shoes to redistribute pressure and relieve pain.
  • Properly fitted shoes with a wide toe box will give your toes more room to move without increased rubbing on the inside of your shoes.
  • Don’t wear high heeled shoes or other constricting footwear that pushes your toes together.
  • Toe and foot exercises are an excellent way to increase strength and flexibility.

Bunions that are left untreated for a long time may have gotten beyond the point where conservative measures will suffice and a surgical procedure involving shaving or removal of the bunion and realignment of the bones may be required.

If you are experiencing complications with bunions, it is important to see a foot specialist for proper evaluation and treatment. At E.J. Nemet Podiatry in Twinsburg,  E.J. Nemet, DPM, treats a variety of foot and ankle conditions, including sports injuriespediatric foot problems, diabetic foot complications, nerve disorders, and toenail and skin conditions. With advanced technologies and a dedicated staff, Dr. Nemet provides expert and compassionate care to patients in the Twinsburg and Beachwood areas. To contact us or to schedule an appointment, please call (234) 212-9940.